Luigi Cherubini, a child prodigy, was born in Florence in 1760 and studied music first with his father and later in Bologna and Milan. He quickly became known as an opera composer, settled in Paris in 1788, and was appointed professor of composition at the Paris Conservatoire in 1816 and its director in 1821. He died in Paris in 1842. Cherubini wrote nearly 30 operas, which were performed throughout Italy, and in Paris, London and Vienna (Beethoven himself was strongly influenced by those he heard in Vienna). He also wrote a number of symphonies, string quartets, and various sacred works, including several masses and two Requiem settings, for which he is chiefly known today.